A Case of Brainstem Duret Hemorrhage Caused By Lobar Hemorrhagic Stroke
Carmen Popa1*, Maria-Emilia Cerghedean-Florea2, Denisa Tanasescu3, Mihai Faur4,5, Andrei Moisin4,5
1Sibiu County Emergency Clinical Hospital, Department of Radiology and Medical Imaging.
2 Lucian Blaga University of Sibiu, Faculty of Medicine.
3Department of Nursing and Dentistry, ''Lucian Blaga'' University of Sibiu.
4Sibiu County Clinical Emergency Hospital, Department I of General Surgery.
5Lucian Blaga University of Sibiu, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgery.
Carmen Popa, Sibiu County Emergency Clinical Hospital, Department of Radiology and Medical Imaging.
Received: 24 February 2023; Accepted: 06 March 2023; Published: 16 March 2023
Citation: Carmen Popa, Maria-Emilia CerghedeanFlorea, Denisa Tanasescu, Mihai Faur, Andrei Moisin. A Case of Brainstem Duret Hemorrhage Caused By Lobar Hemorrhagic Stroke. Journal of Radiology and Clinical Imaging. 6 (2023): 48-49Share at Facebook
This article is depicting the lobar hemorrhage with secondary subfalcine and transtentorial herniation as a cause of Duret hemorrhage on a computed-tomography scan
Stroke is the foremost cause of death and disability, with 7 million deaths worldwide, being the third leading cause of death after heart disease and cancer.[1,2] According to data literature available by now, intracerebral hemorrhages account for about 15% of all strokes, representing bleedings located in the brain parenchyma, with a complex physiopathology mechanism through the direct pressure effects of an acutely expanding mass. Hematoma may lead to herniation, hydrocephalus and increased intracranial pressure.[3,4] Duret hemorrhage can result from any cause of descending transtentorial herniation, as a result of increased intracranial pressure, which causes intracranial compartmental shifts. It is most commonly associated with increases in intracranial pressure caused by a variety of causes, including intraparenchymal hemorrhages, brain neoplasms and diffuse cerebral edema.[6,7] Most frequent involvement are in the midline, paramedian, and ventral tegmentum of the upper pons and midbrain.[5,7] We present the case of a 70-year old male who is transfered at the emergency department in a comatous state. Non-contrast head computed-tomography examination reveals a voluminous acute hematic accumulation in the right cerebral hemisphere, located cortically and subcortically, lobar hemorrhage type, 10/6/4.5 cm in size (AP/LL/CC), with a volume of 140.4 cm3 (Figure 1).
Figure 1: Acute intraparenchymal haematoma involving the right cerebral hemisphere with ventricular extension
The collection shows panventricular effacement, with marked compressive effect on the right lateral ventricle, 2 cm left midline shift (Figure 2), with subfalcine herniation and downwards transtentorial herniation (Figure 3) with compression on the midbrain where acute hematic petechiae are visible at the level of the tegmentum and the right paramedian tectal plate (Figure 4).
Figure 2: Lobar haemorrhage with 2 cm left midline shift
Figure 3: Subfalcine and downwards transtentorial herniation
Figure 4: Tegmentum and the right paramedian tectal plate hematic petechiae
Associated with this there is significant accentuation of periventricular white matter hypodensity, right fronto-parietal and falx cerebri subarachnoid haemorrhage (Figure 5), hydrocephalus with transependymal and moderate diffuse supratentorial oedema.
Figure 5: Right fronto-parietal and falx cerebri subarachnoid haemorrhage, transependymal and moderate diffuse supratentorial oedema
Conflicts of Interest:
The authors declare no competing interests.
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