The Prevalence and Associated Factors of Postpartum Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder in a Population of Moroccan Women

Author(s): Ennazk S, Aouade H, Abrache M, Manoudi F, Adali I

Postpartum post-traumatic stress disorder prevalence varies from 0.8 to 5.6%, and its development is linked to several obstetrical, social, psychiatric and subjective distress factors. The objective of the study was to measure its prevalence in the Moroccan population and identify the related factors. We conducted a descriptive study of 302 women. We found a prevalence of 28.57% of postpartum post-traumatic stress disorder. The related factors were being single, history of psychiatric treatment or depression or anxiety disorder, prenatal depression or anxiety, previous fear of childbirth or previous traumatic event. No correlation was found between obstetrical and subjective distress factors and postpartum post-traumatic stress disorder. The results contrasted with those found in western countries. It showed the importance of cultural factors and social aspects in the appearance of such a disorder. It also showed the importance of detecting this disorder in post natal visits.

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