Study of Breast Lump- A Histopathological Audit of Five Years Specimen in a Medical College of Bangladesh

Author(s): Abu Khalid Muhammad Maruf Raza, Zaman Ahmed, Muhammad Rafiqul Islam

Background: Various types of lesion from inflammation to carcinoma can affect the breast. Some lesions are common in young females while others are more common in elderly age group. Accurate diagnosis is essential to relieve anxiety of patients. In case of carcinoma, early and accurate diagnosis can save the patient from metastases thus reducing mortality and morbidity.

Methods: A Retrospective study was conducted for the period of five years in the Pathology Department of Jahurul Islam Medical College and Hospital. Histopathology samples were received, processed, reported and recorded in the Pathology laboratory. Data analyzed from 2012 to 2016. Descriptive statistics was used to analyze the data.

Result: 228 sample of breast tissue sent for histopathology were studied. Peak incidence of benign lesion was in the age group 21-30 years and malignant lesion was in between 4-50 years group. Cancer of the breast was seen in 12.28% of cases. In case of benign condition, fibroadenoma and fibrocystic disease were the two most common disorder and invasive ductal carcinoma was the most common malignant lesion.

Conclusion: Majority of the breast lumps are benign either fibroadenoma or fibrocystic disease. Benign lesions were common in second to fourth decade and malignancy in fourth and fifth decades.

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