Retinitis Pigmentosa: Pathophysiology and its Management

Author(s): Muhammad Imran Qadir, Shahida

Retinitis pigmentosa (RP) is a degenerative disease of retina which involves the pigment deposition in periphery of retina. In RP, there is degeneration of the rods and cones. So, RP is called as cone and rod dystrophy. Occurrence of RP is 1 in 4000 in human population. Major forms in which RP exist are simple, syndromic, non-syndromic. Photophobia, patchy loss of peripheral vision, tunnel vision, and color perception impairment are the symptoms of Retinitis pigmentosa. Electroretinogram (ERG), Electro-oculogram (EOG) are the diagnostic test utilized to diagnose RP. Different treatments are utilized to treat retinitis pigmentosa.

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