Mechanisms Involved in Human Hair Growths Relevant for Regenerative Medicine Therapies

Author(s): Rene Antonio Rivero-Jimenez, Muhammad Touseef Haider, Ubaid Rahman Moorakkan, Yendy Ventura-Carmenate, Antonio Alfonso Bencomo-Hernandez

Hair forms a barrier to protect the skin from external insults and keep the body from temperature loss. Human hair, especially scalp hair, has important ornamental functions essential for social communication and well-being. Hair regeneration depends on activating hair follicle stem cells (HFSCs). As the hair follicle (HF) is an integral part of the skin, its growth, and the activity of HFSCs are regulated by various nearby cells of the HFSC niche in the skin. The component cells of the HFSC niche are categorized into three groups according to their functions: signaling, sensing, and message-relaying. This paper reviews how HFSC activity is regulated by different signaling cells and how sensing and messagerelaying cells help HFs to initiate a regenerative attempt in the face of local injury and external environmental changes. Also, on diseased states, a focus is put on how the pathological changes of the niche lead to dysregulated hair growth. In addition, how the influx or emergence of non-preexisting cells within the HFSC niche affects hair growth and depletes HFSCs. Finally, it highlights the therapeutic implications of niche pathology intending to prevent hair loss and promote growth.

© 2016-2024, Copyrights Fortune Journals. All Rights Reserved