Comparison of Musculoskeletal Manifestations Between Diabetes and Hypothyroidism Patients

Author(s): Shaila Sharmin Shahnewaz, Supriya Sarker, Tahmeed Kamal, Naima Akhter Dina

Background: Worldwide, musculoskeletal (MSK) problems are prevalent and a primary source of disability and lost time at work. The spectrum of MSK diseases includes a wide range of ailments. Both Diabetes mellitus and hypothyroidism has been associated with a number of musculoskeletal manifestations.

Objectives: The aim of the study was to compare the musculoskeletal manifestations between diabetes and hypothyroidism patients.

Methods: This cross-sectional study was carried out in the Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU) during January 2016 to December 2016. A total of 190 patients were participated in the study. Among them 95 were diabetic patients (Group-A) and 95 were patients with hypothyroidism (Group-B). Statistical analyses of the results were be obtained by using window based Microsoft Excel and Statistical Packages for Social Sciences (SPSS-22), where required.

Results: More than half (52.63%) patients were belonged to age 51-60 years in group A and half (50.53%) in group B. The mean BMI was found 25.2(±2.9) kg/m2 in group A and 27.2(±3.2) kg/m2 in group-B. Nineteen (20.0%) patients had osteoarthritis of knee in group A and 24(25.26%) in group B. Twelve (12.63%) patients had Adhesive capsulitis in group A and 5(5.26%) in group B. Nine (9.47%) patients had Flexor tenosynovitis in group A and 3(3.15%) in group B. Seven (7.37%) patients had Fibromyalgia in group A and 6(6.31%) in group B. Seven (7.37%) patients had Planter fascities in group A and 6(6.31%) in group B. Which were statistically significant (p<0.05).

Conclusion: Musculoskeletal conditions are persistent, incapacitating, and expensive. They have an impact on individual’s ages, cultures, and ethnicities. Identification and treatment of musculoskeletal manifestations are important to improve the patients’ quality of life.

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