A Study on Premenstrual Syndrome among Female Students of a Private University of Delhi NCR
Author(s): Surbhi Teotia, Sayantika Kumari, Neha Taneja, Karuna Nidhi Kaur, Aanchal Anant Awasthi, Rajiv Janardhanan
Background: Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) is one of the most common disorders of reproductive age. PMS is a set of physical and psychological symptoms that occurs during the luteal phase of menstrual cycle (14 days before menstrual period), resolved with the onset of menstruation and with a symptom-free interval afterwards. Aim: To assess the knowledge, most commonly reported symptoms, effects on educational activities and interpersonal relationships, treatment options and attitude of female university students towards PMS.
Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted among 130 female students of a Private University of Delhi NCR. A pretested, self-administered questionnaire was used to collect the information. The data was compiled in Microsoft excel and analysed using SPSS 25 version. P-value <0.05 was considered statistically significant.
Results: The majority (80%) of female participants knew about PMS while only (43.8%) knew about PMDD. The most common affective and somatic symptoms among participants were irritability (74.6 %) and abdominal bloating (48.5%). More than half (53.8 %) of the female participants reported PMS impaired their College/work efficiency/ productivity and Concentration and (49.2 %) reported PMS impaired their Social life activities. The majority (90%) of female participants think that PMS is an important issue that should be discussed but (40.8%) did nothing to relieve their premenstrual symptoms. The female participants of age group between 23 and 30 years showed higher proportion of knowledge of PMS (n=52, 89.7 %) when compared to female participants of age group between 17 and 22 years and this association was statistically significant (P<0.05). The female participants who did exercise showed higher proportion of knowledge of PMS (n=82, 84.5 %) when compared to female students who did not exercise and this association was statistically signific